Scenario analysis predicts that the number of non-native born speakers in Finland will more than double by 2040

MDI carried out a study for the Association of Finnish Municipalities on the development of the number of non-native born language speakers in Finland in the period up to the 2040s. The growth in the number of this group in the 2010s has been really strong, with growth very strongly concentrated in the largest cities. The increase in their number is explained, among other things, by immigration which brings about 15 000–16 000 people a year to Finland, as well as by high birth rates and low mortality in this group, given the young age structure of immigrants generally.

The study identified two different scenarios, a basic scenario and a growth scenario; in the first, the migration of the non-native born population will remain the same as in 2010–2018, while in the second, it will increase to 25 000 per year up to 2040. By 2040, that would mean 870 000 non-native born language speakers in terms of the basic scenario and 970 000 in terms of the growth scenario. In practice, the number of this group in the populations would thus double by 2040 compared to the current situation.

Of the C23 cities*, the share of non-native born speakers in the population is highest in Vantaa, Espoo and Helsinki and lowest in Seinäjoki, Kajaani and Kokkola. Within the group of non-native born language speakers, internal movements are mainly directed to the Helsinki metropolitan area and, secondarily, to Turku and Tampere. The subjects of the analysis were the 21 largest cities with more than 50 000 inhabitants and, among those cities with less than 50 000 inhabitants, the central cities of their provinces Kokkola and Kajaani. The data consisted of Statistics Finland’s databases and the forecast of the non-native born language speaking population calculated on the basis of these. A non-native born language speaker is defined as a person who speaks a mother tongue other than Finnish, Swedish or Sámi. The report forms part of the Association of Finnish To  Municipalities! project.

* C23 cities: the 21 largest cities (so-called C21 cities) + Kajaani and Kokkola.

Material

Webinar

Report

Press release

MDI leads the co-creative process of developing, piloting and sharing practices for wellbeing in Sustainable Cities

The challenge bundle work is the cross-cutting co-development of the “Sustainable City” programme, co-ordinated by the Ministry of the Environment, with the aim of producing and sharing information, knowledge and solutions to the challenges linking cities’ management and practice in the area of leading work towards sustainability. The work produces concrete development measures, new ways of doing things and peer learning.

Read more MDI leads the co-creative process of developing, piloting and sharing practices for wellbeing in Sustainable Cities

A new project funded by the Ministry of Agriculture will explore multi-locality from the point of view of companies and their employers: is place-independence becoming the future norm of successful companies?

Although remote working and place-independent work have already been examined extensively from both the public administration implications and individual perspectives,…

Read more A new project funded by the Ministry of Agriculture will explore multi-locality from the point of view of companies and their employers: is place-independence becoming the future norm of successful companies?

MDI’s Population projection 2022 – a detailed picture of future development and a new scenario for an internationalising Finland

According to the Population projection 2022 published today, Finland’s population will decrease, age, centralise and internationalise. Phenomena and events, as well as the actions of regions and municipalities, greatly influence future population development.

Read more MDI’s Population projection 2022 – a detailed picture of future development and a new scenario for an internationalising Finland