The National initiative for basic security and activity (TOIMI, in Finnish only), produces information and insights by analysing the current status of basic security and mapping alternatives for future solutions. One of the central changes in the labour market is the simultaneous growth both of demanding tasks and low-wage jobs with the latter in particular leading to new types of social questions. The linkage between low-wage jobs and e.g. housing benefits, unemployment benefits, and income support requires new kind of examination. MDI participated in a study focusing on the impacts caused by the growth of low-wage jobs on the Finnish social security system. During the project, international benchmarking was undertaken to learn from the experiences of Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK. The research consortium was led by Oxford Research Ltd and funded via the Government’s analysis, assessment and research activities. Results were produced in February 2019.